Bottles

Three issues are involved in selecting a bottle — design, capacity, and type of closure that will be used. You might add a fourth choice, glass or plastic, but glass will almost certainly be your choice for a perfume bottle in spite of its greater cost and weight.

Design

Can you make use of a stock bottle or will you require a custom design? There are three considerations — cost, aesthetics, and brand identity. Custom bottles require design services and then, to produce the design, a certain minimum order. Using European sources the minimum cost for a custom bottle might run around $100,000. Using Chinese sources the cost might be somewhat less but there can be communications problems and the risks of a costly misunderstanding.

Cost

There are considerable savings from using a stock bottle. You avoid the design and die costs of a custom bottle and the cost of a substantial minimum order. Stock bottles are available in a large variety of sizes and shapes and can generally be ordered by the case which, for perfume bottles, may range from about 100 to 400 bottles, depending on bottle size and packing. You will typically encounter a minimum order size but for a stock bottle it is likely to be in the hundreds rather than tens of thousands or dollars.

Aesthetics

Stock bottles can satisfy the aesthetic senses of most smaller fragrance marketers. (After considering the cost of a custom bottle, stock bottles begin to look very good!) If, however, after looking at hundreds of stock bottles and finding nothing to suit your aesthetic tastes, finding an experienced package design professional and working with them to produce a custom bottle may be your best solution — if you have the money.

Brand Identity

If you intend to use your bottle as a branding tool, you will almost certainly require a custom design. Otherwise you risk finding that someone else is using the same bottle. And, with your custom design in hand, you'll want to register a design trademark, just in case.

Capacity

Bottles come in all sizes. How many ounces or milliliters of fragrance do you want to deliver? Smaller bottles — 1 ounce / 30 milliliters or less — tend to be less expensive than larger bottles. On some smaller bottles (non-rectilinear) the shape obscures the smaller volume of contents. In other cases the consumer expects the bottle to have a certain capacity such as 3.7 or 1.7 ounces or 100 milliliters.

As bottle size increases not only does the cost of the bottle generally increase (unless you hit on a particularly popular shape where volume production has driven down the price), a larger bottle also means a greater cost to fill it — more fragrance oil, more alcohol per bottle — plus a greater shipping cost. Glass is heavy. Larger bottles weigh more than smaller bottles. Twice the size means twice the shipping weight.

Type of Closure To Be Used

Your first decision here is, "cap or pump?" Will you simply close the bottle with a cap — a cheap solution — or will you close the bottle with a spray pump, a more expensive solution but one generally favored by consumers.

Bottles without a spray pump

If you decide to use a simple cap to close your bottle rather than a spray pump, your first limitation is that the bottle must have a threaded "finish" (neck) that will allow you to screw on the cap. The thread of the cap you select must match the tread of the bottle to make a proper seal.

Next you confront the issue of whether or not the bottle has a "sprinkler" neck ("finish"). A sprinkler neck is one with a smaller opening at the top, considerably smaller than the neck's diameter, so that the fragrance is "splashed" out of the bottle rather than dumped in a flood.

If you select a threaded neck bottle for a cap and the bottles does not have a sprinkler neck you can use a plastic orifice reducing plug to decrease the opening at the neck of your bottle. The plug must be the correct size to fit into the neck of your bottle and the orifice opening must be an appropriate size to dispense your fragrance.

Using A Fine Mist Spray Pump

If you are filling and closing your bottles yourself you must use a threaded neck bottle and a threaded pump. Threaded pumps are generally available in gold or silver finish but beyond that (with the exception of those developed for plastic bottles) they all look alike.

If you select a bottle that accepts either a crimp-type or a press-on pump, you will find many more choices available in a stock bottle as well as more variety in the looks of the pumps that will be available to you.

There are, however, two issues you'll confront when using crimp or press-on pumps. First, your bottles must be filled and sealed by special machinery. Thus you must take your perfume to a "filling house" (also called a "contract packager") to have your filling and assembly work done. You won't be able to do it yourself.

Second, you must find a cap (overshell) to go over the pump. Sometimes the pump supplier can provide a matching cap. Sometimes you may have to — or you many want to — have a custom cap designed and manufactured for your pump to give your bottle a more stylish look. In this second case getting a proper fit will be very important.

Resources

Videos

  • How Glass Bottles Are Made
    Excellent video first showing production of glass and how bottles are produced from it on a commercial scale.

Memory Cross 200 Perfume and Fragrance Test Strips for Testing fragrances, Essential Oils

Sturdy 17 point cover paper which is 2X as thick as a playing cards so will hold up. This paper is specifically designed to absorb fragrances. Five inch length x 0.5 inches wide and tapered for room to write notes at the top.


HAVENLAB Deionized Water
  • COMPLETELY PURE - Although tap water has been filtered to make it safe for human consumption, it still contains trace minerals. Our sterile water has been thoroughly purified and mineral-free.
  • ENSURE TOTAL ACCURACY - When conducting lab tests, using tap water can introduce impurities that affect the chemical composition. Deionized water will get you the most accurate results.
  • A STABLE INGREDIENT - Pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and hygiene products use distilled or deionized water. Its purity makes it a reliable choice for maintaining product safety and integrity.
  • SUITABLE FOR MACHINERY - Deionized water is also widely used in industrial applications. Cleaning, cooling, and lubricating with it as opposed to regular water helps prevent corrosion damage.
  • GREAT FOR CARS - Whether you're topping off your car's coolant system or washing off dirt and grime, this sterile 1 gallon bottled water is a smart choice. Prevent water spots on your vehicle!

Stainless Steel Funnels for Kitchen,Small Metal Funnels (1.7Inch/ 2.2Inch/ 2.9Inch) No Spilling Food Grade Kitchen Funnels for Essentail Oil, Spices, Flask, Perfume

Stainless Steel Funnels for Kitchen: These stainless steel funnels are made of food grade stainless steel, non-toxic and sturdy. Premium material makes these small funnels have a long usage time and resists breaking, bending, scratching, rusting. Each Stainless Steel funnel has a perfectly narrow stem, ideal for filling small bottles and containers while keeping the kitchen counter free from spills. Each funnel's stem is equipped with an indent (air release channel), which allows funnels to vent and allows contents to flow better. Perfect for adding salt, pepper, herbs or spices into shakers or jars; transferring oils and vinegars into cruets or small decorative bottles for gifts; adding powdered drink mixes into water bottles and much more.


Karter Scientific 214T2, 3.3 Boro, Griffin Low Form, Glass Beaker Set - 3 Sizes - 50ml, 100ml, 250ml

3.3 Borosilicate glass, Griffin low form, 3 sizes - 50ml, 100ml, 250ml, Extra large marking spot, ASTM Specification E960, Type I requirements.


SUPERLELE Glass Graduated Cylinder Set 10ml 25ml 50ml 100ml, Thick Glass Beaker Set 50ml 100ml 250ml with 2 Droppers

Package contains: glass cylinders in 4 sizes (10/25/50/100ml), glass beakers in 3 sizes (50/100/250ml), and 2 glass droppers.
Product material: cylinder and beaker are both made of high quality 3.3 borosilicate glass (GG-17), graduated, laboratory grade glassware.Thick glass, acid and alkali resistant, with good stability.
Product features: Both the graduated cylinder and the beaker have tapered gates for easy liquid pouring.The graduated cylinder has stable base, and the scale is clear and easy to read.


archander
Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin

Steffen Arctander's Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin was first published in 1960 and is the classic, authoritative reference for natural products used in perfumes, scents, flavorings, foods, and medicine throughout the world. Part One defines and describes processing methods used to extract or refine the products into usable form; Part Two includes more than 500 monographs on the natural raw materials used to produce perfumes, flavorings, etc. Appendices include a classification of important materials by their scent, and worldwide production figures for major products. Fully indexed, the book also includes 62 pages of photographs, making this the standard reference work on natural materials for perfumers and flavor chemists. The preface contains practical descriptions of available materials, their origin, production and processing methods, appearance, odor and flavor type with brief notes on their main constituents, replacements and common adulterants.


Creating Your Own Perfume With A 1700 Percent Markup! (3rd edition)

Perfume is famous for the markup it can achieve, even for a middle market fragrance. While "everybody knows" that perfume costs next to nothing to make (not completely true) the making of it is often considered an esoteric secret. "Creating Your Own Perfume With A 1700 Percent Markup!" details how a 3-person company with no experience created their own fragrance in response to a marketing opportunity that was too good to pass up. The book explains exactly what was done to create a fragrance for that opportunity but it is far more than a history of the author's project. "Creating Your Own Perfume With A 1700 Percent Markup!" lays out every step in the process of creating your own perfume, either as a do-it-yourself project – and without the benefit of automated equipment some compromises and workarounds are required – or full bore professional production under your supervision. Either way you will be producing a quality fragrance at a remarkably low cost. Do you have a marketing opportunity that would be wildly profitable if only you could obtain your fragrance at a ridiculously low cost? "Creating Your Own Perfume With A 1700 Percent Markup!" is the guide you need to do it.


Naming Your Perfume And Protecting Your Name

A really great name, a special name that is just right for a particular perfume or perfume marketer (or entrepreneur with money to invest!) can be worth a ton of money. But few individuals with great ideas ever manage to cash in on those brilliant ideas. Instead they wait while others "discover" their idea, acquire legal rights to it and make all the money while they are left out in the cold without a penny having been earned for what was once THEIR idea.

If you are struggling to name your perfume and are looking for a name that will have real value, "Naming Your Perfume And Protecting Your Name" will help you weed out low value names and point you to names that have better marketing value plus the potential to become valuable assets in themselves.

If you have a great name you want to protect but no fragrance, "Naming Your Perfume And Protecting Your Name" will guide you through the simple steps you must take to acquire a legal right to that name before someone else grabs it! Best of all, "Naming Your Perfume And Protecting Your Name" shows you how to gain strong legal protection for your name without a lawyer and without spending more than pocket change.

Never had an idea for a product name? Never thought much about perfume? "Naming Your Perfume And Protecting Your Name" may stimulate your interest in a whole new game that, when played well, can make you lots of money without your having to leave the comfort of your home office.


How To Launch Your Own Perfume Company: A Simple Business Plan

You can build a perfume business of your own using this business plan as a guide. By following its detailed strategy you learn to identify motivated groups of potential perfume buyers. Members of these groups are near the tipping point of desire for a new perfume. You don't know these people and they don't know you but you know a marketer they trust, one who does not currently sell perfume and might never think of selling perfume were it not for your approach. Here is where you step in with a professional plan, promotion, and perfume to take advantage of this ripe opportunity for mutual profit. Before your first promotion has peaked, you will already be developing a relationship with your next marketing partner. Following this plan, you will gain more and more profit with each new marketing partnership.


Creating your own perfume from dropper bottles: Methods, mechanics, and mathematics

Now when you make your own perfume you can make it fully "commercial" meaning you will be creating a product ready for regular, continuous sales to friends, relatives, and the public! If the fragrance you've made has already won praise, why not share it with others? Some might pay you for it and want it for their web stores or retail boutiques! Creating your own perfume from dropper bottles: Methods, mechanics, and mathematics guides you through steps that can turn your hobby project into a perfume business. Discover how close you are now and how little more you must do to take what you made with essential oils and dropper bottles into a business of your own! For an introduction to this book, watch this video.


How To Create A More Valuable Name For Your Perfume

When you name a perfume you create a valuable asset – the name itself. To sell your perfume you want the most effective name possible. But a good name can have value beyond the edge it gives your sales. In naming your fragrance you are creating a trademark and a trademark can have value independent of the product. The value of that trademark can vary. Much depends on how well, in naming your perfume, you follow the trademark "rules." How To Create A More Valuable Name For Your Perfume first helps you develop a name that will be effective in selling your perfume. It then prods you to make use of certain techniques that can turn a good name into a great trademark, strong and valuable. If you have questions about how to protect a name, How To Create A More Valuable Name For Your Perfume will answer many such as:

  • Can you protect your name yourself or do you need a lawyer?
  • Can you register a trademark without a lawyer?
  • What does it cost to register a trademark?
  • How do I enforce the rights I have established?

How To Create A More Valuable Name For Your Perfume covers both state, federal, and international protection.


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Philip Goutell
Lightyears, Inc.